A migraine is a primary headache disorder characterized by recurrent headaches that are moderate to severe. Typically, the headaches affect one-half of the head, are pulsating in nature, and last from a few hours to 3 days. Associated symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light, sound, or smell.
The cause of migraines is not yet known. It is suspected that they result from abnormal activity in the brain. This can affect the way nerves communicate as well as the chemicals and blood vessels in the brain. Genetics may make someone more sensitive to the triggers that can cause migraines.
People may experience:
Pain areas: in the eyes, face, or neck
Pain types: can be dull
Headache: can be acute, frequent, or throbbing
Visual: sensitivity to light, distorted vision, or seeing flashes of light
Whole body: dizziness, light-headedness, or malaise
Sensory: aura or sensitivity to sound
Gastrointestinal: nausea or vomiting
Also common: irritability, nasal congestion, or scalp tenderness
Treatment consists of pain medications
Preventive and pain-relieving medication can help manage migraine headaches.
Avoid migraine triggers: Common triggers include alcohol, caffeine, or poor sleep.
Stress management: Pursuing an enjoyable activity or verbalizing frustration to reduce stress and improve mental health.
Improved sleep habits: Good sleep practices include having a regular bedtime schedule and avoiding naps, caffeine, and TV before bedtime.
Diet modification: Adjusting diet to reduce triggers causing disease or address dietary deficiencies.
Progressive muscle relaxation: Tensing and then relaxing muscle groups from head to toe or vice versa.
Acupuncture: Insertion of needles into specific points on the body to relieve pain and treat other conditions.
All the above are compiled by Mr. Lovekush Singh (Ayurveda Specialist, Clinical Research Scientist, Pharmaceutical Consultant, Lifestyle Advisor, Clinical-SAS Expert, Hospital Healthcare & Pharmaceutical Administration Consultant) on the basis of his study and practical performances. The information on this page is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice. We do not recommend any of the above medicines to directly intake or to do use this information for diagnosis or ayurvedic treatment without consulting the Ayush doctor.